Powerful leaders have the ability to shape history and change the world. History has had many leaders, but only a few of them have managed to truly influence their people. Here is a list of some of the most powerful and most influential people in the history of Europe!
Adolf Hitler (born on 20 April 1889) was a German politician and the founder of the Nazi Party. Adolf served as the chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and was the dictator of Nazi Germany in 1934. Adolf Hitler is remembered as one of the most powerful leaders of Germany. History will remember him for his major role in the World War II and the Holocaust. He was a veteran of World War I, then he joined the German Workers Party and became the leader of the party in 1921. After failing in his Beer Hall Putsch, Adolf was sentenced to five years imprisonment at Lansberg Prison. However, after his release from prison in 1924, he got the major political opportunity. He became the ruler of Nazi Germany, declared Britain as the main enemy and started the preparations for the World War II in 1939. He was finally defeated by the Red Army in 1945, so in order to avoid capture he committed suicide.
Napoleon Bonaparte (born on 15 August 1769) was a French political and military leader. Napoleon is remembered as one of the greatest military commanders in history. He was a man of religious tolerance and he terminated feudalism. Bonaparte conquered almost all major European countries while dominating continental Europe and fighting with almost all the major powers of Europe – from Britain to Russia. He was defeated in June 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo.
Peter The Great
Peter The Great (born on 9 June 1672) was the ruler of the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire. He served in political and social sector for years and managed to expand the Tsardom of Russia into a bigger empire through several successful wars. He wanted people to adapt modern lifestyle and forget the old traditions, and also modernized the Russian army, making it into a more formidable power. He was the founder of the first Russian Navy base in the history, in 1698 in Taganrog. On 22 October 1721, after peace was made with Sweden, Peter The Great was officially named the Emperor of All Russia.
Vladimir Lenin (born on 22 April 1870) was a Russian politician and political theorist. He served as the head of government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917, and the head of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death. He was the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and created the first state based on Marxist ideas. His theoretical contributions to Marxism today are known as Leninism. Vladimir Lenin is one of the 100 most important and influential people of the 20th century on the list made by Time Magazine.
Karl Marx (born on 5 May 1818) was famous German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, and revolutionary socialist. His work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital. His views about economics, politics, and society today are known as the Marxism. Karl published many books during his lifetime, but his most notable books are “The Communist Manifesto” (1848) and “Das Kapital” (1867–1894). His brilliant book “The Communist Manifesto” sparked revolutions in many countries including Russia and China. His criticism of capitalist economic structures and inequality in the workplace and in society, as well as the creation of Communism, was greatly influential in Europe.
Benito Mussolini (born on 29 July 1883) was famous Italian politician and leader of the National Fascist Party. He served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 until his ousting in 1943. Known as Il Duce (which means the leader), Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of fascism. In 1925, he officially set up a legal dictatorship and dropped all forms of democracy in Italy. He was able to achieve one-party dictatorship throughout the country by a series of laws and his secret police forces. Mussolini was defeated in Grand Council of Fascism after Allied invasion of Italy and arrested by King Victor Emmanuel III on 12 September 1943.
Joseph Stalin (born on 18 December 1878) was the leader of Soviet Union, who replaced the New Economic Policy of Lenin in 1920. Stalin established Russia as a major Industrial power and declared imprisonment of opposing people. He agreed to sign a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany in 1939. However, Germany violated the pact and started a massive invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. After the battles of Moscow and Stalingrad, Stalin contributed towards the establishment of the destructed states.